The Dutch Revolt, beginning in 1568, was the result of sev eral political and religious conflicts. The high nobility felt neglected by the centralizing policy of the government with its seat in Brus sels and of the Spanish king Philip II of Habsburg, who was also lord of the Low Countries after 1555. Too many of the king’s coun cilors in Madrid were “foreigners.” The harsh measures, including the Inquisition, used against Protestant “heretics,” provoked fierce resistance, even among many moderate Roman Catholics who re mained loyal to the king in principle. Military resistance, organized by Prince William (I) of Orange, resulted in a civil war after the government attempted in 1566 to punish the Protestant iconoclasts. After two decades of war, in 1588 Philip II sent an “Invincible Ar mada” to bring his subjects and their ally, the English queen Eliza beth I, to their knees, but the Armada was destroyed by a storm on the western coast of Ireland and Scotland. After that, the seven revolting Northern provinces became de facto an independent Republic, founded on the alliance of 1579, the Union of Utrecht. The Treaty of Munster ended what became known as the Eighty Years’ War in 1648.

Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. . 2012.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Revolt — Re*volt , v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Revolted}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Revolting}.] [Cf. F. r[ e]voller, It. rivoltare. See {Revolt}, n.] 1. To turn away; to abandon or reject something; specifically, to turn away, or shrink, with abhorrence. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Revolt — Re*volt , v. t. 1. To cause to turn back; to roll or drive back; to put to flight. [Obs.] Spenser. [1913 Webster] 2. To do violence to; to cause to turn away or shrink with abhorrence; to shock; as, to revolt the feelings. [1913 Webster] This… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Revolt — Re*volt , n. [F. r[ e]volte, It. rivolta, fr. rivolto, p. p. fr. L. revolvere, revolutum. See {Revolve}.] 1. The act of revolting; an uprising against legitimate authority; especially, a renunciation of allegiance and subjection to a government;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • revolt — I noun agitation, apostasy, change of sides, contrariety, counteraction, defection, defectio, defiance, desertion, disobedience, dissension, faithlessness, inconstancy, insubordination, insurgency, insurrection, motus, mutiny, noncompliance,… …   Law dictionary

  • revolt — [n] uprising defection, displeasure, insurgency, insurrection, mutiny, rebellion, revolution, rising, sedition; concepts 106,300,320 Ant. calm, harmony, peace revolt [v1] rebel, rise up against arise, boycott, break, defect, defy, drop out, get… …   New thesaurus

  • revolt — [ri vōlt′] n. [Fr révolte < révolter, to revolt < It rivoltare < VL * revolutare, for L revolvere: see REVOLVE] 1. a rising up against the government; rebellion; insurrection 2. any refusal to submit to or accept authority, custom, etc.… …   English World dictionary

  • rèvolt — m 1. {{001f}}jako negodovanje, ozlojeđenost, oštro opiranje, ogorčenje 2. {{001f}}ustanak, pobuna ✧ {{001f}}fr …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • revolt — (v.) 1540s, from M.Fr. revolter, from It. rivoltare to overthrow, overturn, from V.L. *revolvitare to overturn, overthrow, frequentative of L. revolvere (pp. revolutus) turn, roll back (see REVOLVE (Cf. revolve)). The noun is from 1550s.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • revolt — rèvolt m DEFINICIJA 1. jako negodovanje, ozlojeđenost, oštro opiranje, ogorčenje 2. ustanak, pobuna ETIMOLOGIJA fr. révolte …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • revolt — n revolution, uprising, insurrection, *rebellion, mutiny, putsch, coup Analogous words: insubordination, seditiousness or sedition, factiousness, contumaciousness or contumacy (see corresponding adjectives at INSUBORDINATE) …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • revolt — ► VERB 1) rebel against or defy an authority. 2) cause to feel disgust. ► NOUN ▪ an act of rebellion or defiance. DERIVATIVES revolting adjective. ORIGIN French révolter, from Latin revolvere roll back …   English terms dictionary

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